I want to begin my discussion about this disease by first defining what diabetes is. First of all their are two types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes which is diagnosed at birth in most cases, and Type 2 diabetes which is related to pancreas damage. If Type 1 isn’t diagnosed at birth it can lead to a lot of complications later in life. Heart disease, kidney damage, and liver damage.
We are going to discuss Type 2 diabetes otherwise known as reversible diabetes because it is so closely defined by diet and exercise. You see when people become overweight their pancreas’s go into overdrive and began producing more insulin to compensate for the bodies sugar intake. Pancreas’s are designed to balance sugar levels in the blood.
In normal production of urine, your kidneys first filter water and other substances from your blood. The kidneys then absorb much of the water, which leaves concentrated urine ready to be passed from your body. The absorbed water is returned to the bloodstream, to maintain the correct concentrations of blood and bodily fluids. It is antidiuretic hormone (ADH) that stimulates the kidneys to absorb water from the urine. This substance is produced by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. In diabetes insipidus, there is a deficiency of ADH and your body passes large quantities of urine that contains a great deal of water.
The most common cause of disorder is damage to the pituitary gland from severe head injury. Other cases may be caused by an operation on the pituitary gland, or may be due to the effects of radiation therapy on the gland or surrounding area. Rarely, diabetes insipidus may be caused by pressure on the gland or surrounding area. Rarely, diabetes insipidus may be caused by pressure on the gland from a pituitary tumor. Diabetes insipidus should not be confused with diabetes mellitus, which is sometimes known as “sugar diabetes”
Another cause of insipidus diabetes and the most common cause is over indulgence in alcohol consumption. It affects the brain in the same way as a severe head injury; which effects the production of (ADH). If one is not careful you could do damage to the pituitary gland which will result in complications such as insipidus diabetes and can possibly lead to Type 2 Diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus is a common disorder that occurs when your pancreas either totally stops producing insulin or does not produce enough of the hormone for your body’s needs. This lack of insulin results in a low absorption of glucose, both by the body’s cells, which need it for energy, and by the liver, which stores it. Another result is an abnormally high level of glucose in your blood. The disorder should not be confused with diabetes insipidus, which is much less common.
There are two main forms of diabetes mellitus. There are Type 1 (also called juvenile onset or insulin-dependent) diabetes and Type 2 (also known as maturity onset or insulin-independent) diabetes.
Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes: In this form of the disorder, which occurs mainly in young people, the pancreas produces very little or no insulin. The defect is caused by damage to the insulin-producing cells. Your body, unable to use glucose because of the lack of insulin, is forced to obtain energy from fat instead. This can lead to a dangerous condition called diabetic coma.
Either form of diabetes may be brought on by other diseases. Some examples of such diseases are acromegaly, hyperthyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, and pancreatitis. Such cases of diabetes are known as secondary diabetes, and in some instances the condition continues even after the main disease has been treated successfully.
Type 2 (insulin-independent) diabetes: In this form of diabetes mellitus, which usually affects people over 40, the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas function, but the output of insulin is inadequate for your body’s needs. People who have this form of the disorder usually eat too much and are overweight. Their over-eating causes an excess of glucose in their blood, and the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to cope with it.
Taking this study and applying medical science to find a solution is something I will now embark on. The fact that diseases such as acromegaly, hyperthyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome and pancreatitis can lead to Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes draws a road map that all arrive at the same conclusion and that is that it is hormonal. Therefor I can deduce that it is a complication with the pituitary gland.
The pituitary gland, a peanut-sized organ situated just beneath the brain, is the most important of the endocrine, or hormone-producing, glands in your body. It is sometimes called the master gland, because it is like a central control switch that regulates many aspects of your body’s growth, development, and everyday functioning. The gland has two distinct parts, the anterior, or front lobe and posterior, or rear lobe.
The anterior lobe produces six hormones. Growth hormone, as its name implies, regulates the physical growth of most of your body. Prolactin stimulates the breasts to produce milk. The four other hormones made by the anterior lobe (thyroid-stimulating hormone, corticotroizing hormone) stimulate four other hormone-producing glands; the thyroid and the adrenals, and the ovaries in women and testes in men. These glands, in turn, then produce hormones of their own.
The posterior lobe of the pituitary gland produces two hormones. Antidiuretic hormone acts on the kidneys and plays a large part if regulating the concentration and total quantity of your urine. It also raises blood pressure. The other hormone, oxytocin, stimulates contractions of the womb during childbirth.
The release of hormones from the anterior pituitary gland is controlled by the hypothalamus (the region of the brain that lies immediately above the gland). A network of portal veins directly links the anterior pituitary gland to the hypothalamus. The anterior pituitary gland is indirectly connected to the other parts of the brain by means of hypothalamus.
Because of these links, events that take place outside of the body (including seasonal changes) and mental process (for example, emotions) may all influence the secretion of hormones and therefore the chemistry of the body. For example, the secretion of “releasing” hormones by the hypothalamus stimulates the pituitary gland to secrete gonadotropins (hormones that act on the body’s sex glands).
This is also another reason anti-psychotics and anti-depressants cause a raise in blood sugars and can lead to Type 2 diabetes. It is because it changes the chemistry within the brain that controls the pituitary gland. It causes men to grow breasts and widening of their hips. In women it causes them to boost their testosterone levels and they begin to grow facial hair. These are warning signs of your body telling you that your brain chemistry is not correct.
A study by:
Dr. Bowie m.d.
Ryan John Patterson, Buck Crow m.d.